By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of a regular advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in earlier versions, key techniques resembling constituency, class and serve as are rigorously defined as they're brought. Tree diagrams are used all through to aid the reader visualise the hierarchical constitution of sentences. the ultimate bankruptcy units the research within the context of generative grammar.
In this 3rd edition, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised. It has an enticing new format, extra examples, clearer factors and summaries of significant issues. an incredible switch matters the research of auxiliary verbs, which has been revised to convey it extra in keeping with present considering.
Clear improvement from bankruptcy to bankruptcy, including the author’s available type, make this ebook appropriate for readers with out prior event of sentence research. a pragmatic and reader-friendly textual content, it contains many in-text routines and end-of-chapter routines, all with solutions, and additional routines, making it compatible for self-directed research in addition to for taught classes.
Noel Burton-Roberts is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Newcastle University. he's the writer of The Limits to discuss: a Revised conception of Semantic Presupposition (CUP 1989), the editor of Phonological wisdom: Conceptual and Empirical Issues (OUP 2000) and Pragmatics (Palgrave, 2007), and the writer of diverse articles on numerous points of linguistics and the English language.
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Additional info for Analysing Sentences
Sam managed to touch him and Who did Sam manage to touch? ) On the other interpretation, it is not a single phrase but a sequence of two phrases. Cf. Sam managed to touch him with an umbrella, Who did Sam manage to touch with an umbrella? ) 5. The fact that (b) is a well-formed sentence allows us to infer that every sequence of words omitted from (a) in order to form (b) can be counted as a constituent of (a). These are: Being of a cautious disposition very wisely heavily built whenever he drank at the Wrestler’s Arms.
Phrase marker (c) represents the sentence as having three immediate constituents, old Sam and sunbathed and beside a stream; it says that sunbathed forms a constituent neither with old Sam nor with beside a stream. In attempting to represent what phrase marker (a) represents, you may have been tempted simply to draw an extra line out from the phrase node dominating beside a stream as (d): 22 FURTHER EXERCISES (d) But (d) is incorrect. Can you see why? ) Although it associates sunbathed with beside a stream, it fails to represent beside a stream as a phrase in its own right, independently of sunbathed.
The meaning of a sentence depends not just on the meaning 37 CHAPTER 2 SENTENCE STRUCTURE: FUNCTIONS of its words, but on how those words are structured into phrases, and on the functions of those words and phrases. If you insist that each sequence of words that you want to say forms a constituent has a well-defined meaning and function (is a phrase), that’s a good starting point for analysis. Summary Constituents have their functions in respect of their sisters. There are three kinds of functional relation between sisters: Subject~Predicate.
Analysing Sentences by Noel Burton-Roberts