By Jay Shankar Singh, Gamini Seneviratne
This two-volume paintings is a testomony to the expanding curiosity within the function of microbes in sustainable agriculture and meals protection. Advances in microbial applied sciences are explored in chapters facing issues equivalent to plant-microbe interactions, rhizoremediation and cyanoremediation, and bio-immobilization. quantity II is a set of study findings that invitations readers to envision the applying of microbes in toxins aid, decontamination of agro- and aquatic ecosystems, and remediation of assorted poisonous compounds. hugely readable entries try to shut the information hole among soil microbial institutions and sustainable agriculture.
conventional agricultural administration suggestions have relied seriously on program of chemical fertilizers and insecticides; and up to date land use swap practices have ended in over exploitation of normal assets. concepts defined right here simplify a classy photograph of ways microbial groups can increase the standard of atmosphere and dispose of nutrients shortage within the coming generations. This paintings is an important contribution to investigate during this more and more very important self-discipline of soil sciences, and should entice researchers in microbiology, agriculture, environmental sciences, and soil and crop sciences.
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Additional resources for Agro-Environmental Sustainability: Volume 2: Managing Environmental Pollution
Front Microbiol 7(529):1–19 Sinninghe Damste JS, Schouten S, Bowman JP, Rijpstra WIC (2000) Sterols in a psychrophilic methanotroph, Methylosphaera hansonii. FEMS Microbiol Lett 186:193–195 Stein LY, Yoon S, Semrau JD, DiSpirito AA, Crombie A, Murrell JC, Vuilleumier S, Kalyuzhnaya MJ, Op den Camp HJM, Bringel F, Bruce D, Cheng JF, Copeland A, Goodwin L, Han S, Hauser H, Jetten MSM, Lajus A, Land ML, Lapidus A, Lucas S, Medigue C, Pitluck S, Woyke T, Zeytun A, Klotz MG (2010) Genome sequence of the obligate methanotroph Methylosinus trichosporium strain OB3b.
Strong et al. 1 Introduction Methane is a potent long-lived highly radiative gas responsible for up to 20 % of the current warming induced by greenhouse gas emissions (Kirschke et al. 2013). Global annual methane emissions are estimated at approximately 550 Tg CH4. year−1, and 60–70 % of this originates from biogenic sources and the rest from non- biogenic sources (IPCC 2013; Kirschke et al. 2013). Biogenic methane emissions are regulated by syntrophic microbial communities, which vary widely according to environmental factors such as temperature: moisture: salinity: pH: redox conditions: and available sulphate, nitrate and organic matter.
Methanotrophs are capable of using methane as a carbon source. They are ubiquitous in nature, can be aerobic or anaerobic and serve as a global sink for methane (Hanson and Hanson 1996). Aerobic methane oxidation is well studied and many pure cultures have been isolated from various environments such as landfills, coal-bed rocks, rice fields, compost, forest soils, peat bogs, wetlands, soda lakes, thermal springs and marine sediments (Dunfield et al. 2003; Kalyuzhnaya et al. 2005; Kim et al. 2008; Hirayama et al.
Agro-Environmental Sustainability: Volume 2: Managing Environmental Pollution by Jay Shankar Singh, Gamini Seneviratne