By Rebekah Lee
A key mechanism of apartheid in South Africa used to be the set of regulations put on the pursuits of Africans; specifically, African girls have been topic to lives of day-by-day surveillance and hugely regulated housing, employment and mobility. the following Lee explores the lives and tales of 3 generations of African ladies in Cape city throughout the apartheid (1948-94) and post-apartheid classes. via existence histories and a wealth of facts, Lee considers how African ladies otherwise skilled apartheid, supplying an intimate account in their makes an attempt to find "home" within the city atmosphere. many of the recommendations of payment African ladies crafted over 5 a long time supply a compelling portrait of edition, resilience and alter. Drawing jointly views from anthropology, historical past, human geography and improvement experiences, African ladies and Apartheid may be helpful to someone with pursuits in South African tradition and society, gender, urbanization, the African relations, oral background and reminiscence.
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Extra resources for African Women and Apartheid: Migration and Settlement in Urban South Africa (International Library of African Studies, Volume 25)
109 Rita’s eventual decision to return to her unrepentant ex-husband, after several years of a tortured life ‘on the run’ from state authorities, is emblematic of these struggles. Her divorce in 1967 resulted in her life narrative becoming intimately bound up with state intrusion and surveillance. Yet it also harshly underlined for her the centrality of the marital union in sustaining an urban existence. Rita returned to her marriage, at great personal cost. This accentuation of marriage as an urban survival strategy would lose much of its relevance as the framework of influx control was challenged and, eventually, dismantled.
Indeed, the respondent whose political memory followed the most similar historical trajectories to first-generation women was the eldest of those in the second-generation cohort, born in 1947. For the most part, second-generation women attained adulthood during the reform period of influx control. In addition, because these women were born in Cape Town, they independently held rights to residence and employment in the city and thus did not experience the same legal vulnerability or dependence on qualified men as did their mothers.
Of the seven children residing with Regina, all were formally unemployed and unmarried (one divorced) during the main research period. Regina’s husband, who had been a plumber for the University of Cape Town, died in 1989 after a protracted ten-year illness. When asked about her hopes for the future, Regina confided, ‘I wish that God would help my children find work . . ’ Although in her later years ill health has limited involvement in her various income-generating activities, Regina never relinquished her responsibilities for supporting her large household.
African Women and Apartheid: Migration and Settlement in Urban South Africa (International Library of African Studies, Volume 25) by Rebekah Lee