By Vladimir P. Nedjalkov, Galina A. Otaina, Ekaterina Gruzdeva, Emma Š. Geniušienė
This quantity, initially released in Russian in 2012, is without doubt one of the few higher works on Nivkh (Gilyak), an underinvestigated endangered Paleosiberian language-isolate, that experience seemed in recent years. it's a descriptive grammar according to large language info and supplemented with the authors’ experiments and sophisticated research, geared toward elucidating a few moot issues of the hugely particular Nivkh syntax, and with quantitave info. It specializes in syntactic and semantic sorts of verbs and their aspectual and temporal features, a variety of teams of verbal grammatical morphemes, using finite and non-finite verb kinds, and particularly on quite a few converbs, sentence varieties, observe order, two-predicate buildings, relative clauses, direct and oblique speech, textual content constitution and team spirit. The typological services and insights of V.P. Nedjalkov and the local intuitions of G.A. Otaina mix so as to add worth to this quantity. The publication could be of curiosity to experts in morphosyntax, typology, basic linguistics and indigenous languages.
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Extra resources for A Syntax of the Nivkh Language: The Amur dialect
Word complexes in question may include the demonstrative pronouns hәd̦ ‘that one’, tәd̦ ‘this one’, etc. g. in Chukchi, this is impossible). (31) a. If i-ñ-d̦. ’ 2. Possibility of establishing syntactic relations between words, clearly not constituting one syntactic complex, and as an assumed part of an incorporative formation, which is intuitively unlikely. Thus, in (32) there is such a connection between the words i-vo+heqrŋa-in lit. ‘above his village’ and the verb hum- ‘be’ which, . , according to their meaning.
This applies to the reflexive pronoun p‘i ‘self ’ as well. The latter is always coreferential with the subject. The 3SG pronoun is not used as a direct object: instead, the demonstrative pronoun hәd̦ ‘that one’ is used, but more commonly it is omitted and the free variant of a transitive verb is used. However, the free variant of about 130 transitives contains the initial component j-/i-/e- (cf. (8a)) which is descended from the 3SG pronoun if ‘s/he’, ‘his/her’ and serves as a pronominal object marker.
Imŋ+ʁan+do-d̦. ’ . g. ADV:3PL, as in (5). chapter 3 Free and bound word variants As is shown in Example (3), the verb ro- ‘help’ has variants ro-/-to-/-do-. Of these three variants, the native speakers understand only the first one if it is used without an object. Therefore it is viewed here as a free variant. The other, bound variants, are either incomprehensible when presented separately or they are homonymous with some other verbs. Thus, the bound variant -to- coincides with the intransitive verb ‘cry’, and variant -do- is meaningless out of context (in Nivkh, there are no words, except some personal names and intensifying markers, with the initial voiced plosive d).
A Syntax of the Nivkh Language: The Amur dialect by Vladimir P. Nedjalkov, Galina A. Otaina, Ekaterina Gruzdeva, Emma Š. Geniušienė