Download e-book for kindle: A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, by Franz Bopp, H.H. Wilson, Edward B. Eastwick

By Franz Bopp, H.H. Wilson, Edward B. Eastwick

ISBN-10: 0511695152

ISBN-13: 9780511695155

ISBN-10: 1108006221

ISBN-13: 9781108006224

A founding textual content of comparative philology, Franz Bopp's Vergleichende Grammatik used to be initially released in components, starting in 1833, and by means of the 1870s had seemed in 3 variations in German, in addition to in English and French translations. Bopp (1791-1867), Professor of Sanskrit and comparative grammar at Berlin, got down to turn out the relationships among Indo-European languages via specified description of the grammatical beneficial properties of Sanskrit in comparison to these of Zend (Avestan), Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic and German. This translation (1845-50) of Bopp's first version gave English-speaking students entry to his vital findings. Translated through Edward Backhouse Eastwick (1814-1883), the multi-lingual diplomat and pupil, and edited by means of Horace Hayman Wilson (1786-1860), Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford, this paintings testifies either to Bopp's magisterial learn and to Eastwick's impressive ability in translation. This quantity covers pronouns and verbs.

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Extra info for A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages, Volume 2

Sample text

288. Rem. ) regarding analogous adjective-nominatives, as plinter from plinta-ir. As a corroboration of this distribution it may be here further observed, that each of the elements a and i, which are united in the e of plinter, also occurs separately,* each having, on different occasions, divested itself of the other. ^ The Old High German furnishes examples of forms in which only the latter element of ai is retained ; as ensti, answering to the Gothic dative anstai and genitive anstais. It is not surprising, therefore, that, in the nominative of the definite adjective, together wither ( = air) ar and ir also occur.

In the first place, in the dam of quon-dam, and in the dem of tan-dem, we micht admit the term denoting " day" without being compelled, from the reason given above, to this explanation, still less to the inference that qui-dam, i/iii-dem, and i-dem, also have arisen in this manner. ft dyo, " heaven," which, like other appellations of heaven, may also have signified " day," as a shoot from the root f^ div, " to shine," (§. ). With this accusative sn^ di/im, agrees, PRONOUNS. 493 also, the Greek <$r)v, " long," if, as Hartung conjectures, it is taken from an appellation of " day," like the Latin diu (Sanscrit ^dyu, " d a y .

On the other hand, I prefer referring the particle §q to our demonstrative base, the significant and animating force of which is evinced clearly enough in the way in which it is used. We return to the Latin donee—the more complete form of which, donicum,^ has been already, in another place, divided into do-hicum—since I see in it a connection, in formation and base, with the Greek TrjviKa. " The first member of the compound would have lost the T sound of the Sanscrit base ^Rdya, as, in §.

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A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages, Volume 2 by Franz Bopp, H.H. Wilson, Edward B. Eastwick

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